Euro area inflation estimated at 3.6% May 2008

Euro area annual inflation, which is the price change between the current month and the same month of the previous year, is expected to be 3.6% in May 2008 according to a flash estimate issued by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities. It was 3.3% in April 2008.

Computation of flash estimates

Euro area inflation is measured by the Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices (MUICP). To compute the MUICP flash estimates, Eurostat uses early price information relating to the reference month from Member States for which data are available as well as early information about energy prices.

The flash estimation procedure for the MUICP combines historical information with partial information on price developments in the most recent months to give a total index for the euro area. No detailed breakdown is available. Experience has shown the procedure to be reliable (15 times exactly anticipating the inflation rate and 9 times differing by 0.1 over the last two years). Further information can be found in Eurostat News Release 113/2001 of 1st November 2001.

What is the Euro Area?

The Euro Area is comprised of various member states whom undertake economic and financial activity together. The Member States of the euro area are Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia and Finland.